Future financial services regulatory regime for cryptoassets

The UK government has published a consultation paper on its proposed regulatory regime for cryptoassets. The paper sets out the government’s plans to bring cryptoasset activities under the remit of financial services regulation.

The government’s proposals are based on the following principles:

  • Consumer protection: The government wants to ensure that consumers are protected when they engage in cryptoasset activities. This includes protecting them from fraud, scams, and market manipulation.
  • Financial stability: The government wants to ensure that cryptoassets do not pose a risk to financial stability. This includes preventing cryptoassets from being used for money laundering or terrorist financing.
  • Innovation: The government wants to support innovation in the cryptoasset sector. However, it also wants to ensure that innovation takes place in a safe and responsible manner.

The government’s proposals include the following:

  • Regulating cryptoasset activities: The government intends to regulate cryptoasset activities through the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001. This means that cryptoasset firms will need to be authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) to operate in the UK.
  • Designating certain cryptoasset activities for regulation: The government also plans to use the Financial Services and Markets Act 2023 to designate certain cryptoasset activities for regulation. This will give the government more flexibility to regulate new and emerging cryptoasset activities.
  • Creating a new regulatory framework for cryptoassets: The government is also considering creating a new regulatory framework for cryptoassets. This framework would be based on the principles of consumer protection, financial stability, and innovation.

The government’s proposals have been welcomed by some in the cryptoasset sector. However, others have expressed concerns about the potential for over-regulation. The government has said that it will consider all of the feedback it has received before finalising its proposals.

Feedback from the consultation period

The government received 131 responses to its consultation on its proposed regulatory regime for cryptoassets. The majority of respondents supported the government’s plans to regulate cryptoassets. However, there were some concerns about the potential for over-regulation and the lack of clarity around some of the government’s proposals.

Some respondents argued that the government’s proposals were too complex and would stifle innovation in the cryptoasset sector. Others argued that the government should focus on regulating the riskiest cryptoasset activities, rather than regulating all cryptoasset activities.

Another key concern raised by respondents was the lack of clarity around some of the government’s proposals. For example, some respondents were unsure about what activities would be covered by the government’s proposed regulatory regime. Others were unsure about how the government would regulate cryptoasset exchanges.

Regulating fiat-backed stablecoins

Fiat-backed stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency that is pegged to the value of a fiat currency, such as the US dollar. This means that their value is less volatile than other cryptocurrencies, which can make them more attractive to investors and businesses.

The UK government is planning to regulate fiat-backed stablecoins in two phases. The first phase will focus on regulating the use of fiat-backed stablecoins for payments. This is likely to involve requiring exchanges and other businesses that deal with fiat-backed stablecoins to register with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and to comply with certain anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing regulations.

The second phase of regulation will focus on other cryptoasset activities, such as trading and investment. The government has not yet released any specific details about what this regulation will involve, but it is likely to be more comprehensive than the regulation of payments.

The government’s decision to regulate fiat-backed stablecoins is a positive step. It shows that the government is taking the cryptoasset sector seriously and is committed to protecting consumers. It is also likely to help to boost confidence in fiat-backed stablecoins and encourage their adoption.

However, it is important to note that the government’s plans are still in their early stages, and it is not yet clear how they will be implemented. It is also important to note that regulation does not guarantee that fiat-backed stablecoins are risk-free. Investors should always carefully consider their own investment objectives and risk tolerance before investing in any cryptocurrency.


The UK government’s proposed regulatory regime for cryptoassets is a significant development. The government’s proposals are based on the principles of consumer protection, financial stability, and innovation. However, there are some concerns about the potential for over-regulation and the lack of clarity around some of the government’s proposals. The government has said that it will consider all of the feedback it has received before finalising its proposals.

The government’s proposals are likely to have a significant impact on the cryptoasset sector in the UK. Cryptoasset firms will need to comply with the new regulations to operate in the UK. This is likely to lead to increased costs for cryptoasset firms. However, it is also likely to lead to a more robust and regulated cryptoasset sector in the UK.

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