The carriage of goods is the process of transporting goods from one place to another. This can involve a variety of different modes of transport, including road, rail, sea, and air. The carriage of goods is governed by a number of laws and regulations, including the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1971, the Carriage of Goods by Road Act 1965, and the Warsaw Convention.
One of the key issues in the carriage of goods is the issue of liability. Under the common law, the carrier of goods is generally liable for any loss or damage to the goods that occurs during transit. However, this liability can be limited by contract, and carriers often limit their liability by including clauses in their contracts that exclude or limit their liability for certain types of loss or damage.
In addition to liability, the carriage of goods also raises a number of other legal issues, including issues relating to documentation, insurance, and customs. For example, when goods are transported across international borders, they may be subject to customs duties and other taxes, and the carrier may be required to provide documentation to prove that the goods have been properly declared and accounted for.